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Equipment

    13. SM photon anti-bunching setup

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Technique 

The fluorescence from a presumably single molecule is split by a 1:1 beam splitter, and the two signals are sent into separate detectors. The setup delivers a histogram of the difference between the arrival times of photons at both detectors. In case of a single emitter, the probability to emit more than one photon after excitation is zero. Hence the probability for a difference in arrival time shorter than the excited-state lifetime is very small.

Units

ps laser system, confocal microscope, dual-channel detection part.

Instrument type

Homemade

Complexity level

High

Applications

The setup is used to estimate the probability for detecting multiple photons. This probability approaches zero upon decreasing the detection time window to times shorter than the excited state lifetime. In other words, the experiment verifies whether the emitters are entangled, or there is only a single emitter present.